Posts Tagged ‘építőkő’

Character-forming role of building stones in the urban landscape on the example of Dunazug-hegység (Dunazug Mountains)

01:52 PM

VAJDA Szabolcs

(From previous issue No.28)

The use of traditional building stones often plays a fundamental role in forming a unique landscape and settlement character in Hungary’s mountainous regions. The geology of our mediumheight mountain ranges is so diverse that the use of traditional building stones can vary from town to village.

The traditional architecture of our rural regions was characterised by significant regional differences until the end of the 19th century. For builders and developers the most important considerations were the practical aspects and the economizing on resources; environmental factors heavily influenced architecture. This both meant adjustment to climatic factors, ground features and also to building materials which were determined by their immediate surroundings. In the 20th century, mainly after WW2, a strong and still decisive adverse process has started. Regional differences quickly diminished; village architecture started to become integrated and homogeneous.

Limestone fence

Oolitic limestone fence and gate post, Etyek

The apprehension about losing the distinct local character created the regional approach in architecture, in the sense of vernacular architecture, in the second half of the 20th century. Its main aim was to restore the regions' local architecture's traditional features. Possible methods for doing
this are judged very differently by architects. In my opinion, the unique character of rural landscape in Hungary could be ensured by a cautious return to the traditional details and scales of vernacular and anonymous architecture, also by jointly applying local materials and building techniques.

My research in PhD involved the thorough exploration of the use of traditional building stones in Dunántúliközéphegység (Dunántúl Mountains).